From where did beekeeping begin in Nepal & when? The relevant data hasn't been pinpointed. However, our Vedic records tell us that bees and honey were culturally important and had nutritional value from the age of the Vedas (The Vedic Age). Honey was procured from the natural hives located in trees, on rock faces, etc.
Despite the lack of utilization of honey on an entrepreneurial level, from age old eras honey was recognized and used for its homeopathic/ ayurvedic properties as well as in the form of nutritional supplement as one with the best thereof.
Various religious manuscripts assert that the sages (Rishi) of yore partook of the fruit kandapul along with honey. The value and importance of the bee and honey has increased in this day and age whereby beekeeping has become an entrepreneurial asset and many farmers have been drawn towards beekeeping despite the fact that Nepal lags behind in meeting its needs.
In the year BS 2014/ 015, the cottage industries sector initiated industrialization of beekeeping; however, beekeeping became modernized around BS 2026/ 027 through the cottage industries department. The aforementioned program was signed/ handed over to the department of agriculture dated BS 031/ 032. Under the direction of the late king Birendra Bir Bikram Shaha Dev, the Godavari Bee Keeping Centre was established in the year '42 BS. Following the program run by SNV Nepal under the support of the Netherlands Government (BS 2044/ 45 – 2049/ 50), the bee keeping program was able to develop rapidly.
During the reign of the Rana Prime Minister Jung Bahadur & thereafter, it has bee noted in various manuscripts that beekeeping was pursued in its natural form in the jungles of Godavari, Nagarjun etc. Honey was even used as a beauty enhancing potion.